How to Use an Espresso Machine – The Ultimate Guideline

It’s not uncommon for cafes and restaurants to want an espresso machine because the aroma and flavor it produces are unparalleled. How to use an espresso machine will be covered in detail in this article.

You may produce a wide range of excellent coffee beverages at home with the help of an espresso maker. Espresso machines and stovetop models are both available. Because machines don’t require as much manual work, they are easier to use.

It’s simple to load the filter with coffee beans and wait for your espresso to boil with most espresso machines. Then, after each usage, properly clean your equipment.

What is an Espresso Machine 

An espresso maker is a machine that makes coffee by pushing pressured water through with a disc of ground coffee and filters, resulting in a thick, powerful, concentrated coffee known as espresso.

Espresso machines are extremely popular, with well-known manufacturers like Nespresso dominating the market. Models that use pods and those that use coffee beans all function differently. Our goal is to help you understand the fundamentals of espresso-making so you can use your machine to its full potential.

Some models have a steam wand, so you may produce your own foamed milk and expand your knowledge of coffee preparation with one of these devices. Here’s how to operate a coffee maker.

How Does it work 

Millions of people now use espresso machines worldwide to create their morning cup of joe. Although it’s widely known, many people have no idea what this gadget accomplishes or how it was constructed. An espresso machine’s key pieces are displayed below.

  • No matter the manufacturer, every espresso machine has a water tank. Based on the scale and frequency of the machine, water can be drawn from a reservoir or a supply network. This machine typically requires water with a lower calcium concentration.
  • Espresso makers include two critical components: the boiler and the milk tank. This device heats the water that runs through the machine. It differs from device to device, but some have a two-heater structure.
  • Water and coffee meet at the group leader. After a few minutes of brewing, you’ll have a cup of coffee in your hands.
  • Filling the tank with water is the first step. Most water tanks have marked levels for different brew sizes.
  • Turn on the machine when you’ve filled the tank. Before you begin brewing, make sure the machine is completely operational.
  • Remove the porta-filter while the machine is running. The porta-filter is lined with a circular filter. There are a variety of filter sizes, including basic and double. Take out the porta-filter and put the filter in.
  • Filtering the ground coffee is now complete. Using a spoon, make sure the mixture is distributed evenly.
  • Using a tamper, ground coffee is compressed, resulting in a stronger flavor.
  • It’s time to tighten and secure the porta-filter.
  • To begin receiving coffee, place your cup precisely beneath the coffee spout and close the lid. If you’re brewing a lot of coffee, make sure it’s the right size.
  • To create an espresso shot, turn on the machine. In no moment you’ll be able to enjoy the excellent coffee you’ve been craving.

What is the Reason for Choosing Espresso Machine

People from all around the world have a variety of motivations for using an espresso machine. Here are a few of the most common explanations for this preference:

  • It enlightens you on all things coffee-related.
  • Because of its speed, this is an excellent brewing method for busy people.
  • Tastes fantastic, as well.
  • It’s a great way to get a taste of the world of brewing.
  • It’s a method that can be preserved indefinitely.

What’s ingredient You will Need

 Hot Water 

To create espresso, the water should be hot but not boiling. For an espresso shot, the water used must be between 195F and 215 degrees Fahrenheit (93 to 95 Celsius) when it touches the espresso grinds.

Overheated coffee has an unpleasant aftertaste and is abrasive to the palate. In addition, the coffee will flavor weak and watery if the temperatures are low.


Espresso’s full taste is derived from high pressure and hot water. Therefore, at least nine bars of pressure are required for a proper espresso to be brewed.

On the other hand, a stovetop Moka pot can only produce 1-2 bars of espresso. So a “real espresso pot” doesn’t exist, despite being promoted. It’s not exactly espresso, but it does utilize some pressure, so it’s close enough.

Espresso cannot be made with French Press or Drip coffee methods because they do not employ pressure during the brewing process.

Coffee Beans

The quality of the coffee used to make espresso varies widely, contrary to popular belief. When buying a cup of espresso, there are many options to choose from, but it all boils down to personal choice.

More oils are released from a dark or Italian roast ground coffee, making it a better choice for espresso. Because of the oils, they produce a thick crema with a rich, complex flavor. If you want your coffee darker, you may select a darker roast, but there is no argument why you can’t use a lighter one as well. On the other hand, a medium-light roast could be just the ticket if you’re looking for a cup of coffee with flowery or fruity aromas.

When buying coffee beans, look for those that are as good as new and preferably come from a local roaster. This will make sure that you get the maximum possible flavor and fragrance.

What Type of Coffee Can You Use in Espresso Machine

How To Use An Espresso Machine

Espresso machines may be used to brew a variety of coffees, including dark and espresso roasts. Of course, you can’t make a perfect cup of espresso unless you use the appropriate beans. Most roasters strive to create espresso-friendly roasts and mixes, so do your research and select one that suits your tastes.

Espresso benefits from deeper roasts, but don’t limit yourself to them; contact your local brewer for their recommendations. Likewise, several mixes and locally brewed beans perform well in espresso, so don’t limit yourself to only espresso roasts!

Yet this is simply the first step in making the perfect cup of coffee. Grinding your bean beans at home is usually a good idea since it ensures that the flavor of the beans is preserved.

How to Use an Espresso Machine

Set Up the Equipment

Setting up your machine is the first step in preparing espresso. Temperature and pressure readings may be checked on some equipment by running a test.

Switch on the boiler and ensure sure the water tank is full. When the espresso machine is done, a light will typically switch on or off.

Before attaching the portafilter, flush the machine to thaw the group head. Preventing under extraction is made easier by removing cold water from the equation.

Crush Your Beans

Our coffee beans will be ground once they have been weighed and weighed again. On average, a small dose (1-1.5 ounces) should include about 6-8 grams of coffee, while a double shot should have about 15 grams (2 ounces).

Espresso coffee doesn’t need to be ground to an ultra-fine powder, as with Turkish coffee. The size of the ground grains will be around 0.8 mm. A new machine or brand of coffee might need some trial and error when it comes to finding the right grind size.

Next time, if the espresso is weak and thin, you should use a finer grind. A coarser setting should be used if the extraction takes too long and the shot is excessively concentrated.

A burr grinder is a single tool that can be used to crush coffee beans for espresso. A good extraction may be achieved by precisely controlling the particle size of the coffee in these machines.

Add Items to the Filter Basket

What you do next depends on the sort of filter basket in your portafilter. There is no need to use a tamper if it is a pressured portafilter.

A tamper is required if you’re utilizing a filter basket (which is more typical). The ideal tamp requires between 20 and 30 pounds of pressure. To ‘polish’ the coffee, push down hard and replace your wrist as you move away from it.

After doing this, you should have a ‘puck’ of crushed coffee beans in the filter basket that is creamy and even, ready to be committed to the group head.


Some baristas swear on low-pressure pre-infusion, while others don’t use it as much. This stage necessitates using either a physical lever or a machine equipped with certain pre-programmed parameters. If you’re using a semi-automatic espresso maker, you should wait at least 15 – 20 seconds before preparing a standard espresso.

A low-pressure water bath is used to uniformly soak the coffee beans before the start of extraction. A more consistent extraction is achieved by preventing water from leaking through the puck’s microscopic openings.

Extraction of Espresso

You’ll need to pay attention to the extraction and espresso dosage steps with manual or semi-automatic equipment. Then, using a dedicated coffee scale, you can weigh out the espresso and account for the time it takes to prepare.

When making a single or dual shot of coffee, the extraction time should be between 20 and 30 seconds, and the shot should weigh between 28 and 42 grams for a single shot and 56 grams for a double shot.

An extraction period of fewer than 30 seconds is known as a lungo coffee, while an extraction time of 15 seconds is known as a ristretto.

Make Yourself Apparent

Make sure to clean up after yourself now that your espresso is ready to go. Toss the coffee grinds into a container for composting or storing away for future use in other dishes.

The portafilter should be completely cleaned and the group head flushed. To ensure that no coffee grounds are left in the machine, use a damp cloth to clean it down and turn it off. Adding milk to espresso to produce a latte, or

Add Milk

If you want to make a latte, cappuccino, or other specialty coffee drink, the final step is to brew the espresso. To make these cocktails, steamed milk is poured over the espresso.

A steam wand or milk frother can be used to make these beverages, based on the espresso machine. Cold milk is the first ingredient in each of these recipes.


Can I Use Regular Ground Coffee for Espresso?

It is possible to put normal coffee in an espresso machine, although it is not recommended. Espresso machines are constructed differently to employ pressure and more fine grinds to generate the appropriate flavor, taste, and strength. There’s no need to assume you can’t accomplish it because of this.

How Much Coffee Do You Use for Espresso?

With 6 to 8 grams of ground beans (1.5-2 tablespoons) per 1–1.5 fluid ounces (2-3 Tbsp). To make a double shot, add 15 grams (3.5 tsp) of ground beans to every two fluid ounces of water (4 Tbsp). Basics of espresso Only use the freshest ground coffee available.


When it comes to espresso, it’s hard not to fall in love. If you’ve some tolerance and a willingness to study, you’ll be a pro in no time. 

You’ll find making other types of coffee easier after you’ve mastered espresso. Everything is going to fall into place. What kinds of machines do you use to prepare coffee.